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# Debt to Income (DTI) Ratio Calculator

Gross Incomes (Before Tax)
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Recurring Debts and Expense
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Other Insurnace include car insurance, medical insurance and life insurance etc.

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Calculated Results
Back-End DTI Ratio23.77%
Front-End DTI Ratio20.06%
Annual Income64,800.00
Monthly Income5,400.00
Annual Debt and Expense15,400.00
Monthly Debt and Expense1,283.33
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#### What is a Debt-to-Income Ratio?

Debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is the ratio of total debt payments divided by gross income (before tax) expressed as a percentage. For example, if your monthly income is 2,000 and you spend \$1,000 on debt each month, then you DTI ratio is 50%. DTI should not be confused with the credit utilization ratio (sometimes called debt-to-credit ratio) that is often discussed along with DTI and works slightly differently. The debt-to-credit ratio is the percentage of how much a borrower owes compared to their credit limit and has an impact on their credit score; the higher the percentage, the lower the credit score.

DTI is an important indicator about the debt level of a person or a family. Lenders use this ratio to value the risk of lending. Credit card issuers, loan companies, and car dealers can all use DTI to assess their risk of doing business with different people. A person with a high ratio is seen by lenders as someone that might not be able to repay what they owe. Different lenders have different standards for what an acceptable DTI is; a credit card issuer might view a person with a 45% ratio as acceptable and issue them a credit card, but someone who provides personal loans may view it as too high and not extend an offer. It is just one indicator used by lenders to assess the risk of each borrower to determine whether to extend an offer or not, and if so the characteristics of the loan. Theoretically, the lower the ratio, the better.

There are two main types of DTI Ratio:
• Front-End Ratio
Front-end debt ratio, sometimes called mortgage-to-income ratio in the context of home-buying, is computed by dividing total monthly housing costs by monthly gross income. The front-end ratio not only includes rental or mortgage payment, but also other costs associated with housing like insurance, property taxes, HOA/Co-Op Fee, etc. In the U.S., the standard maximum front-end limit used by conventional home mortgage lenders is 28 percent.
• Back-End Ratio
Back-end debt ratio is the more all-encompassing debt associated with an individual or household. It includes everything in the front-end ratio dealing with housing costs, along with any accrued monthly debt like car loans, student loans, credit cards, etc. This ratio is commonly defined as the well-known debt-to-income ratio, and is more widely used than the front-end ratio. In the U.S., the standard maximum limit for the back-end ratio is 36% on conventional home mortgage loans.

#### House Affordability

Lenders use DTI to qualify home-buyers. Normally, the front-end DTI/back-end DTI limits for conventional financing are 28/36, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) limits are 31/43, and the VA loan limits are 41/41. You can use Home Affordability Calculator
to find out the house price that you can afford based on your DTI ratio selection.